Nancy Grace Roman, a former NASA executive who is often described as the “mother” of the Hubble Space Telescope, has died at 93.
Roman, a longtime employee of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, was the first woman to hold an executive role at the agency, the Associated Press reported. After getting her Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of Chicago in 1949, Roman joined NASA in 1959 as its first Chief of Astronomy in the Office of Space Science at NASA Headquarters and remained in the role for nearly twenty years until her retirement in 1979, according to NASA.
She was involved with such groundbreaking programs as the Cosmic Background Explorer, and as her informal title suggests, the beloved Hubble Space Telescope.
Roman is remembered for her work in bolstering career opportunities for women through the American Association of University Women, the Washington Post reported. Roman is said to have consistently bucked significant barriers throughout her education and career at a time when there were few women in her field, especially at the executive level. She is most often credited with furthering much of the early development of the Hubble program, particularly as it related to funding and proposals.
Per the Post, in his book “The Universe in a Mirror,” author and space historian Robert Zimmerman wrote: “During the 1960s and early 1970s there was no one at NASA who was more important in getting the first designs and concepts for Hubble funded and completed.”
According to NASA, Roman’s awards and honours include the Women in Aerospace’s Lifetime Achievement Award, the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Award, and the NASA Outstanding Scientific Leadership Award, among others. Last year, Roman was honored as part of a fan-designed Lego set honouring women of NASA that also included pioneers such as Katherine Johnson, Sally Ride, and Mae Jemison.
Roman died Tuesday following an ongoing illness. According to the Post, she is not survived by any immediate family members.