A Scottish YouTube comedian, Mark Meechan, was found guilty of a hate crime earlier this week for posting a video of himself training his girlfriend's pug, Buddha, to mimic a Nazi and respond to commands the court ruled anti-Semitic.
Screenshot: Count Dankula (YouTube)
In the video from April 2016, Buddha is shown watching Adolph Hitler speaking at a rally at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, raising its paw at the command of "Sieg Heil", and becoming alert every time Meechan says "gas the Jews" - a trick Meechan demonstrates a dozen times.
Meechan, whose YouTube account name is Count Dankula, praises Buddha in the video by saying, "Who's a good wee Nazi!"
At the end of the video - which is still up on YouTube in restricted mode and has been viewed more than three million times - Meechan says he isn't a racist, he just wanted to piss off his girlfriend.
He provided the same explanation in court, according to BBC.
Ephraim Borowski, head director of the Scottish Council of Jewish Communities, spoke at the trial, according to The Times. He told the court that his family members died in the Holocaust and he could not see how it could be made into a joke.
Ross Brown, defending Meechan, said Meechan did not expect the video to go viral and insisted Meechan's girlfriend saw it as an example of his humour.
But Sheriff Derek O'Carroll, who was judging the trial, found Meechan guilty of being grossly offensive, a violation of the UK's Communications Act.
O'Carroll said that he did not believe the sole purpose of the video was to pester his partner, since he had left it on his page where it could continue to bring traffic to other videos. "This court has taken the freedom of expression into consideration," O'Carroll said. "But the right to freedom of expression also comes with responsibility."