The history of science has a lot of really dark, racist and outright horrible chapters. In an attempt to engage in the discussion on what to do with this history, the prestigious science journal Nature managed to piss off a large portion of the scientific community, by claiming that removing a statue of one of science's most blatantly offensive figures was "whitewashing". Today, Nature editor-in-chief Philip Campbell published a new article stating that the journal's original take was wrong.
Image: Ferdinand Freiherr von Miller/Wikimedia Commons/Screenshot
Statues of controversial historical figures have become the centre of heated debate, violence, and a resurgence of visible Neo-Nazis in the United States. Recently, vandals tagged the statue of one especially controversial scientist with graffiti that said "racist". In response to the escalating debate over taking these statues down, Nature, which is among the highest-impact science journals, wrote an editorial implying that it did not support removing the images or names of often-offensive figures from places of public honour, such as statues or street signs.
The editorial, then titled "Removing statues of historical figures risks whitewashing history", originally argued that "Instead of removing painful reminders, perhaps these should be supplemented" with plaques explaining the fraught history. The discussion specifically revolved around J. Marion Sims, simultaneously known as the "father of modern gynecology" and a mad scientist who performed experiments on enslaved African American women's bodies without anaesthesia during the 19th century. In the wake of the recent violence at a white supremacist rally in Charlottesville, Nature's position struck many scientists as tone deaf: A voice of authority in a field coming to terms with its own gender, diversity and sexual assault problems defending a problematic scientist's legacy instead of chastising Sims' nightmarish behaviour.
Response to the original editorial was swift and brutal. The Atlantic's Ross Andersen put out a scathing editorial explaining the difference between changing history and removing a statue. "The activists who have called for the removal of Sims's statue are not asking for his name and deeds to be stricken from the record," Anderson write. "They are asking that we absorb the hard work of contemporary historians into our understanding of the past, and that we use that understanding to inform our choices about who we honour."
Some scientists, including theoretical physicist Chanda Prescod-Weinstein, proposed boycotting given comment to or writing for Nature.
— Dr. Chanda ?? (@IBJIYONGI) September 6, 2017
A ton of scientists, laypeople and others argued that the hyper-selective journal's decision to publish the commentary plays into the continuing narrative of excluding people of colour and women from the sciences, while celebrating some of the field's worst figures.
You reject so many letters/articles on diversity, equity, inclusion, studies in small island states, etc. And instead publish this???
— Samantha Oester (@samoester) September 6, 2017
update: Here's my letter to Nature, which they are considering publishing along with other responses (minus my para about how white I am). pic.twitter.com/6kHRNkj1jT
— Katherine Gould (@katherinegould) September 7, 2017
Given space in your journal is at such a premium how did this piece warrant publication? Of all ongoing crises how did THIS get prioritized? pic.twitter.com/3mCtHM8lQu
— Dr. Brett Favaro (@LetsFishSmarter) September 6, 2017
Leaving perpetrators of "mistakes" on pedestals does not "acknowledge" those mistakes - it celebrates them
— Jessica Polka (@jessicapolka) September 6, 2017
The article has since been re-titled, updated and corrected. Today, Campbell issued a statement that the article, its arguments and its "overall tone were naive and unintentionally served to reinforce the insidious notion that women, people of colour and minority groups do not have a place in science. This notion is wrong." He wrote that neither he nor his colleagues could defend the editorial and will commit to doing better, including hiring an outside group to assist in understanding what went wrong.
The statue conversation isn't going away, nor is science's dirty, ugly history, or its diversity problem. And while words are important, we'll have to wait and see whether Nature really changes.