A magnitude 5.0 earthquake rattled the Oklahoma prairie town of Cushing last night, damaging several buildings and threatening one of the world's largest oil terminals. Earthquakes are now a disturbingly frequent phenomenon in the region, with all signs pointing to the practice of disposing oil and gas field wastewater deep underground.
Damage can be seen at the base of some buildings in downtown Cushing, Oklahoma. (Image: AP)
The quake - the third 5.0-plus tremor to hit the region this year - struck at 7:44PM local time (12:44PM AEDT) at a depth of 5km. It was centred about 2km west of Cushing, about 40km south of where a magnitude 4.3 quake struck last week, forcing a shutdown of several oil wells. Yesterday's tremor was the 19th to hit the region in the past week. The quake was felt as far away as Iowa, Illinois and Texas.
— Mark Tarello (@mark_tarello) November 7, 2016
"I thought my whole trailer was going to tip over, it was shaking it so bad," noted a Cushing resident in an Associated Press article. "It was loud and all the lights went out and you could hear things falling on the ground. It was awful and I don't want to have another one."
— Lacey Swope (@LaceySwope) November 7, 2016
Some minor injuries were reported, and city officials are now eager to inspect the damage, much of it in the town's century-old downtown area. There's fear that some of the community's older buildings may now be unsafe, and that the tremor might have damaged key infrastructure. Residents have been told to stay away from damaged sites, while schools have been closed for the day.
— Jacob DeFlitch (@WxDeFlitch) November 7, 2016
Pipeline operators haven't reported any problems, but the community - known as the "Pipeline Crossroads of the World" - hasn't heard from all companies. The region is home to an oil terminal that's one of the world's largest. Tank farms in-and-around Cushing hold about 58 million barrels of crude oil.
It's the largest quake to hit the region since a 5.8 magnitude quake struck Pawnee on 3 September 2016 - a record for Oklahoma. Once rare, earthquakes are now a disturbingly frequent occurrence. The state has experienced 2200 earthquakes in just the past year.
— Bill McKibben (@billmckibben) November 7, 2016
Quakes above magnitude 5.0 are still quite rare, with yesterday's being the third felt this year. Human-induced earthquakes are on the rise in both the United States and Canada, likely the result of oil and gas industry practices. The volume of waste water that's being stored underground has risen more than 80 per cent in the past six years, a timeframe that happens to coincide with Oklahoma's sudden tendency towards earthquakes.