A team from Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston has managed to successfully fabricate blood vessels using a three-dimensional bioprinting technique, Phys.org reports. Here's how they did it:
The researchers first used a 3D bioprinter to make an agarose (naturally derived sugar-based molecule) fibre template to serve as the mould for the blood vessels. They then covered the mould with a gelatin-like substance called hydrogel, forming a cast over the mould which was then reinforced via photocrosslinks.
Ali Khademhosseini, senior study author, explained that what is unique about their approach is that the fibre templates his team printed are strong enough that they can physically remove them to make the channels. "This prevents having to dissolve these template layers, which may not be so good for the cells that are entrapped in the surrounding gel."
Blood vessels form the basis of our circulatory system, allowing blood to flow freely and delivery, deliver essential nutrients and clear hazardous waste from our organs. So being able to print them is a big deal. According to Khademhosseini, the future applications range from being able to develop customised transplantable issues or be used to develop safe and effective drugs outside the body.
Image credit: Khademhosseini Lab