China is currently undergoing a huge boom in museums — 299 new ones have opened in the last year alone. And just like the 20th century museum boom in the United States, which inspired cascades of forgeries, China's is bringing out the fakes: The government has shuttered one museum where a third of the 8000 artefacts were fake.
The antiques scene is currently booming in China — it recently passed the United States as the world's biggest art and auction market. But with a booming art market come the forgeries, and as The New York Times recently reported in a deep dive on art fraud China, many investors are having trouble verifying the authenticity of their buys. Last July, the Guardian reported on a similar story involving 40,000 fake artefacts:
Pictures posted by the state-run China Radio International (CRI) showed the vase decorated with bright green cartoon animals, including a creature resembling a laughing squid. "Similar fake museums are found in many places in China in search of monetary gain," CRI quoted the Chinese antiques expert Ma Weidu as saying at the time.
While the sheer scale of China's museum and art market growth is stunning, it's far from the only boom-time country that's had a problem with fakes. Just look at the US. Back in the early 20th century, during the golden age of American museums, countless fake artefacts were displayed as real. There were the fake mummy faces. And the fake Egyptian carvings. So many fakes, there are even museum shows curated entirely of the most famous ones.
So while 2500 fake artefacts might seem like a lot, it's entirely likely that other museums have just as many fakes floating around in their collections — although perhaps not at so high a ratio. Forgeries, in a way, could be seen as a sign of health — when the market booms, so do the fakes. [The Guardian]