Normally, when the military tests an artillery prototype, it uses the direct method -- they fire it at a wall using a cannon and record what happens. But that's an expensive and destructive test method. A new method, however, developed by students at Rice University, may soon revolutionise how the US Air Force tests its big guns.
The US Air Force needed a means to stop high-velocity projectiles without destroying them so that it could study the projectile's deceleration more than once. Rice University's team CADET (Controllable Acceleration-Deceleration Equipment Tester), headed by adviser Andrew Dick, assistant professor of mechanical engineering, devised just such a method using a fish tank, a slingshot and some timber.
The device prototype is a 4.3m long track able to sustain the projectile's deceleration for at least 10 milliseconds. A surgical tubing slingshot mounted at one end of the track launches the shot -- in this case, a hollow aluminium cylinder with an embedded accelerometer -- down its length at about 80km/h. At the far end, a tank of water suspended above the track dumps its contents through a V-shaped funnel. This produces a sheet of water flowing parallel over the track. As the projectile passes under the stream of water (think of a bullet hitting the thin edge of a piece of paper and slicing the sheet in half), friction between the two slow the shot so that it can be captured safely in the receiving unit -- in this case, a bucket packed with foam and yoga mats.
"Nothing is destroyed. You just fill the tank with water again and reload the slingshot," Duncan Eddy, a junior in mechanical engineering and member of the CADET design team, told R&D Mag. The prototype is obviously still in its early stages, however the team is confident that it can be scaled up to accommodate the biggest artillery in the US Air Force's arsenal. Military brass is currently mulling over whether to develop the technology further. [Rice University - R&D Mag]