When GOES-17 launched, meteorologists’ hearts skipped a beat. The satellite offered a chance to view all of the U.S. in exceedingly high resolution, and with it, the weather forecasting possibilities were endless.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration launched the satellite in March, but it finally got it positioned in its permanent location late last month. The agency has now released the first satellite images from that new spot. And folks, I am here to tell you the images are Very Good.
In its testing location, it was able to see the western U.S. But its final resting spot 35,792km above the Earth’s surface centered over 137.2 degrees West and the equator opens up a whole new world of possibilities. The new images include incredibly high-resolution satellite imagery of Hawaii, Alaska, and a vast swath of the Pacific Ocean.
Behold the clouds skirting over the Hawaiian islands on just another day in paradise. It’s so crisp, I can almost imagine myself on the beach there with a daquiri instead of New York at the height of grey-brown fall, the worst season.
In addition to a real colour channel, GOES-17 also does high-resolution infrared imagery. Looking at infrared channels is one of the ways meteorologists can peer into a storm to understand what’s going on. That in turn helps with forecasting, and GOES-17's all-seeing eye will offer the chance to make real forecast improvements.
The newly-released infrared imagery shows a powerful storm that rocked Alaska earlier this week with hurricane-force winds. It even had a hurricane-like structure with an “eye” at the center.
On the more unfortunate but equally important side of the spectrum, GOES-17 was able to capture the Woolsey Fire explode in Southern California. The smoke from the fire which has burned Malibu and surrounding areas over the past week is clearly visible from space. In addition, the satellite has the ability to detect fire hot spots. That capability can provide near real-time clues for fire managers and improve how they respond to fires, particularly in hard-to-access terrain.
Right now, we’re in the oooh and aaah phase of GOES-17. The imagery are all dubbed non-operational, which in non-NOAA language means they aren’t being used for forecasting yet. There’s still testing to be done and workflows to be set up. But they do provide a snapshot of what’s meteorologists will have to work with.
The satellite will join GOES-16 and Japan’s Himiwari-8, two other high resolution satellites in orbit over the equator. Together, they provide an unprecedented view of the planet. NOAA is planning to launch two more GOES satellites that will further improve our eyes in space.
So, the meteorological hype wave and forecast improvements aren’t going to end anytime soon. And neither will the stream of images of our awesome planet for the rest of us to gawk at.