A privacy expert tasked with helping a new smart city development protect the data privacy of residents has resigned over concerns that her guidelines would be largely ignored.
“I imagined us creating a Smart City of Privacy, as opposed to a Smart City of Surveillance,” Ann Cavoukian, the former privacy commissioner of Ontario, wrote in her resignation letter from Google sister company Footpath Labs, reports Global News.
A year ago, Waterfront Toronto enlisted Alphabet-backed Footpath Labs to create a plan for a smart city neighbourhood in the city’s Quayside development. As a consultant for the endeavour, Cavoukian developed a plan called Privacy by Design that was meant to ensure that citizens’ personal data would be protected.
But the project has faced scepticism and criticism from the start. In an op-ed published earlier this month, former BlackBerry CEO Jim Balsillie referred to the development as “a colonizing experiment in surveillance capitalism attempting to bulldoze important urban, civic and political issues”.
Cavoukian told the Global News that her resignation was intended as a “strong statement” on the project’s approach to data privacy.
“I felt I had no choice because I had been told by Footpath Labs that all of the data collected will be de-identified at source,” she told Global News. But then, at a meeting last week, Cavoukian reportedly realised such anonymisation protocols could not be guaranteed.
She told the Canadian news outlet that Footpath Labs revealed at that meeting that their organisation could commit to her guidelines, but other involved groups would not be required to abide by them.
Cavoukian realised third parties could possibly have access to identifiable data gathered through the project. “When I heard that, I said, ‘I’m sorry. I can’t support this. I have to resign because you committed to embedding privacy by design into every aspect of your operation,’” she told Global News.
In a statement shared with Gizmodo and other outlets, Footpath Labs explained that at the meeting with Waterfront Toronto’s Digital Strategy Advisory “it became clear that Footpath Labs would play a more limited role in near-term discussions about a data governance framework at Quayside”.
Footpath Labs stated it has committed to Cavoukian’s suggested guidelines.
“Though that question is settled, the question of whether other companies involved in the Quayside project would be required to do so is unlikely to be worked out soon, and may be out of Footpath Labs’ hands,” the Footpath Labs statement read.
“For these reasons and others, Dr Cavoukian has decided that it does not make sense to continue working as a paid consultant for Footpath Labs.”
Waterfront Toronto released a statement claiming it “has great respect for Dr Cavoukian and Privacy by Design”, and said it “recognises and respects the obligation to adhere to Canadian privacy laws, which go beyond Privacy by Design”.
Cavoukian told Global News that she is pressing Waterfront Toronto to anonymise data.
Earlier this month, TechGirls Canada founder Saadia Muzaffar stepped down from her role as a member of the Waterfront Toronto Digital Strategy Advisory Panel because she believed Waterfront Toronto has evaded questions about privacy and shown “apathy and a lack of leadership regarding shaky public trust”.