After pleading guilty to charges of violating sanctions and illegally shipping US goods to Iran, ZTE agreed to pay almost $US900 million ($1.2 billion) in fines in 2017, with up to $US300 million ($386 million) in possible additional damages. However, it seems those penalties weren't enough for Uncle Sam, because today the US Department of Commerce slapped the Chinese phone maker with a ban preventing American companies from selling components to ZTE for the next seven years.
While the original sanctions case was settled last March, the new ban follows multiple statements by major US Intelligence agencies earlier this year questioning the trustworthiness of Chinese networking giants Huawei and ZTE. Heads of the NSA, FBI and CIA cited concerns that both companies may be using their technology to spy on US consumers, and then sharing that data with the Chinese government, though none of those agencies has provided evidence of that behaviour actually taking place.
In addition to being banned from buying parts from US companies, ZTE agreed to dismiss four of its senior employees, while also pledging to discipline 35 others. That said, according to US officials, it seems ZTE has yet to follow through on the latter.
The ban, while quite severe, doesn't explicitly prevent ZTE from selling smartphones and other devices commercially in the US. However, with companies such as Intel, Microsoft and most notably Qualcomm (which makes the processors found in a large number of ZTE phones) no longer able to supply parts, ZTE will be forced to overhaul its entire supply chain if it wants to continue to do business in the US.
According to Reuters, which spoke with exports control lawyer Douglas Jacobson, the ban is highly unusual and "will be devastating to the company, given their reliance on US products and software. It's certainly going to make it very difficult for them to produce and will have a potentially significant short and long-term negative impact on the company."
ZTE has yet to comment on how the new ban will impact its business. We reached out to the company for an official statement on the matter, but had not heard back at time of writing.