Right now, 450,000 people are incarcerated in America without being convicted of a crime. Charged with bails they can't afford, they sit in jail awaiting their trials. Backlogs are extensive and overcrowding is common. Some wait weeks, others wait months, and some even die in custody before getting their day in court. Enter Appolition, an app concept aimed at crowdfunding bail relief for these people modelled after spare change apps. Given the prominence of crowdfunding, the digital activist behind the initiative says it's long overdue.
"We live in a moment of people on Kickstarter raising thousands and thousands of dollars for potato salad," Dr. Kortney Ryan Ziegler joked to Gizmodo.
Inspired by bail relief initiatives and the moneymaking potential of a well-timed tweet, Ziegler took to Twitter this summer with a radical idea: a spare change app that could benefit thousands of incarcerated people across the country. Tied to your bank account, the app would, for example, donate the remaining 20 cents to a bail relief organisation when you buy something for $US1.80.
"Being a trained researcher," he said, "I'm always like, 'Who can I reach out to first, what can I do first, what can I leverage first?' so that I can convey my idea to get support in that way."
An app that converts your daily change into bail money to free black people.
— King Kortney???? (@fakerapper) July 23, 2017
In 2013, Ziegler founded Trans*H4CK, an Oakland "mini-incubator" that hosts hackathons for trans and non-binary tech innovators. Trans*H4CK's specialty is reworking familiar tech concepts into hybridised social justice initiatives. Here, a spare change app becomes bail relief. Previously, a project developed at Trans*H4CK used geolocation to find gender-safe bathrooms. Another resulted in a Yelp-like service to help connect trans and non-binary patients with medical care.
"The model has been proven for change 'round up' apps. I thought it would be great if that model [could be used] for getting folks to rally around incarcerated black people," Ziegler said. "Why not marry those two together and make something that is open source and useful and can be applicable to focusing on helping folks [make] bail. There's instances of people where sometimes bail is really low, like $US200, and they have to stay in jail for months. And that's not ok."
— #LeaveMeAlone (@prisonculture) May 11, 2017
Ziegler recalls the National Mamas Bailout Day. In May, 25 civil rights groups crowdfunded $US400,000 to bail out mothers stuck in pretrial detention. "Seeing crowdfunding actually be used to free black people was so inspiring to me," he said. A 2016 report from the Vera Institute of Justice found 80 per cent of all women in jail are mothers. Most are single mothers.
"One of my parents is incarcerated, so I think a number of black Americans deal with that on an intimate level," Ziegler explained. "But also, transfolks in particular are victims of incarceration and not being able to afford bail when they are arrested for alleged crimes."
According to Lambda Legal, an LGBT-centered civil liberties nonprofit, a staggering one in six transpeople have been incarcerated. Transpeople in jails face higher risks of violence, sexual assault and being denied medical treatment.
As the project grows, Ziegler has had to face a hard truth: providing relief isn't as simple as building an app. Complicated issues compound (who gets the funds? how do you prioritise potential recipients? ) and many bail relief groups aren't set up to receive crowdsourced funds digitally.
Ziegler says he's spoken with lawyers, designers, developers, entrepreneurs, and brought on a project manager to help develop the app. The goal is to have the app up and running within three months, but he's wary of promoting this as a quick fix to a deeply complex problem.
"People want to help, but they sorta fall short with some initiatives," he hedges. "Some things become paternalistic and things like that. I really hope that the [publicity around] what's happening with the app is going to boost the work that's already being done by amazing people."