On 26 September 1983, Soviet military officer Stanislav Petrov received a message that five nuclear missiles had been launched by the United States and were heading to Moscow. He didn't launch a retaliatory strike, believing correctly that it was a false alarm. And with that, he saved the world from nuclear war. But now reports have surfaced that Petrov died this past May. He was 77 years old.
In this 27 August 2015 photo former Soviet missile defence forces officer Stanislav Petrov poses for a photo at his home in Fryazino, Moscow region, Russia. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
Karl Schumacher, a political activist in Germany, was one of the first people to publicise Petrov's story back in the late 1990s. But Schumacher reportedly learned of Petrov's death this month after contacting Petrov's home. Petrov's son Dmitry reported that the man who saved the world all those years ago had died on 19 May 2017. Schumacher confirmed Petrov's death to Gizmodo this morning.
Lt Col Stanislav Petrov was 44 years old and working at a missile detection bunker south of Moscow on 26 September 1983. His computer told him that five nuclear missiles were on their way, and given their flight time, he had just 20 minutes to launch a counter attack. But Petrov told his superior officers that it was a false alarm. He had absolutely no real evidence that this was true, but it probably saved millions of lives.
"The siren howled, but I just sat there for a few seconds, staring at the big, back-lit, red screen with the word 'launch' on it," Petrov told the BBC's Russian Service back in 2013.
"I had all the data [to suggest there was an ongoing missile attack]. If I had sent my report up the chain of command, nobody would have said a word against it," Petrov said.
"There was no rule about how long we were allowed to think before we reported a strike. But we knew that every second of procrastination took away valuable time; that the Soviet Union's military and political leadership needed to be informed without delay," he told the BBC.
"All I had to do was to reach for the phone; to raise the direct line to our top commanders — but I couldn't move. I felt like I was sitting on a hot frying pan," Petrov said.
(AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
Perhaps importantly, Petrov noted that he was the only officer around that day who had received a civilian education. Everyone else were professional soldiers and he believed that they would have simply reported the attack at face value. The men around him were "taught to give and obey orders". Luckily, Petrov disobeyed what simply didn't feel right to him.
Petrov reasoned that if the Americans were going to launch a first strike they'd send more than five missiles, despite the fact that they could still do an enormous amount of damage. He also believed that since the alert system was relatively new it seemed likely that it could be sending a false alarm.
If Petrov had been wrong, he would have compromised the Soviet Union's ability to retaliate against a nuclear strike. But if he was right, World War III would be averted. Thankfully, he was right. And sadly, his wasn't the first, nor the last, close call that the world has seen. The Cold War saw far too many false alarms triggered by everything from a computer simulation in 1979 to a NATO military exercise in 1983, just two months after Petrov's false alarm. And then there was the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 and the Captain who defied his direct orders.
Remember the 1983 movie WarGames? The film is about a computer 'game' with the potential to start thermonuclear war. But strangely this scenario is more truth than fiction. Because in 1979 programmers at NORAD almost started World War III when they accidentally ran a computer simulation of a Soviet attack.
It's truly amazing that the world survived the Cold War. And it will be even more amazing if we survive the current missile crisis that's heating up on the Korean peninsula.
Rest in peace, Stanislav Petrov. You may not have gotten the recognition you deserved in life, but hopefully you'll be remembered in death. Those of us living in the 21st century owe you a tremendous debt. And the best most of us can do is hope that the nuclear powers of the world learn something from your heroism.