Where will the first Hyperloop be? So far there are plans to use the tubular transportation system to move passengers in Slovakia and freight in Switzerland. But a proposed application for the Hyperloop announced today could solve a transportation conundrum that has been challenging planners for centuries: Connecting the neighbouring nations of Sweden and Finland.
After Hyperloop, passengers can make the trip from Helsinki to Stockholm in about 28 minutes
The first full-scale feasibility study of the technology published today by Hyperloop One (the Hyperloop startup that recently conducted that big Vegas demonstration), looks at connecting the cities of Stockholm and Helsinki via Hyperloop. Right now, it’s not particularly easy to get between the two capital cities, which are about 480km away from each other: People either must take a 3.5-hour flight (yes, of course, the flight itself is about an hour, the 3.5 includes time getting to/through the airports) or an overnight ferry. This would turn the journey into a 28-minute Hyperloop ride — and freight could travel the same way.
Before Hyperloop, passengers can take a 3.5-hour flight, a 17.5-hour overnight ferry or take the train to Turku and ride an 11-hour ferry from there
Working with two engineering companies from the Baltic, FS Links and KPMG, Hyperloop One's study shows why connecting the two regions would be incredibly financially smart:
The value of time saved by the network is an astounding 321 million Euros per year. Revenue for the complete system is estimated to be 1 billion Euros per year with an operating profit of 800 million Euros based on a forecast of 43 million passenger trips a year.
The tubes would be installed in trenches and along the sea floor of the Baltic, requiring minimal tunnelling, which Hyperloop One claims will keep costs down to only 19 billion Euros ($28.2 billion). If that seems cheap, Hyperloop One has always said its cost for Hyperloop is less per-kilometre than high-speed rail (by some estimates it would be about half the cost). But in the case of the Helsinki to Stockholm route, high-speed rail isn't really an option -- unless the countries built a very very very long bridge then a very very very fast train. The only feasible way to shorten these times would be with a faster boat or a faster plane. This is why connecting Sweden to Finland is such a perfect place to showcase Hyperloop's capabilities.
The Helsinki to Stockholm link would be a combination of tubes travelling on ground and ones that would travel along the Baltic Sea's floor
There's no doubt the economic impact of building better transportation solutions that can shorten travel times between cities, or unite many cities into one mega-region, like what China is doing around Beijing. This is also happening elsewhere in the Baltic to overcome geographical inconveniences -- it's the same reason that Sweden and Denmark are working to connect Malmo and Copenhagen into a mega-region named Øresund, using similarly ambitious infrastructural projects.
Imagine in a few decades, if phase two of Hyperloop Scandinavia ends up connecting even more countries -- first Finland to Sweden, then Denmark and even Helsinki's closest neighbour, Tallinn, Estonia, about a 3.5-hour ferry ride away today. That's a more direct link to the rest of the European continent than many of these nations have ever experienced.