Canada's new Liberal government was sworn in yesterday, and if its first moves were of any indication, science — woefully neglected under the previous Conservative government — will become a serious priority. The new cabinet features not one but two science ministers, and a renamed environment office with the words "climate change" right in the title.
For nearly a decade, "science" was a word scarcely heard in the Canadian Parliament buildings. The topic did not hold much sway in Stephen Harper's former cabinet, except at the minister of state level. That position belonged to Ed Holder, one of the lowest-profile members of the outgoing Conservative government — a position that was dissolved back in August.
In an effort to correct this oversight and put an end scientific neglect, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has announced a number of key changes to Canadian ministries.
Image: Canada's first Minister of Science, Kirsty Duncan (Credit: Kirsty Duncan/Twitter)
His cabinet now features a dedicated Ministry of Science that will be headed by Kirsty Duncan, a medical geographer from the University of Toronto, and a contributor to the 2001 report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (cool fact: Duncan also wrote a book about her expedition to Norway to investigate the cause of the 1918 Spanish flu epidemic).
The cabinet will also include a Ministry of Innovation, Science and Economic Development, which will be headed by financial analyst Navdeep Bains.
Liberal spokeswoman Genevieve Hinse told CBC News that the government wanted to separate pure science from its commercial application under economic development.
Another major change was to the Ministry of the Environment, which will now go by the name Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change. That's a serious add-on to the title, and a strong indication that climate change — an area in which Canada is a global pariah — will be given the attention it deserves. This department will be headed by Catherine McKenna, a former legal advisor to the United Nations. McKenna will bring a green agenda to Parliament, including a pledge to reverse the country's poor environmental track record, and a $US2 billion "Low Carbon Economy Trust" to help facilitate clean tech.
Canada's new Environment and Climate Change Minister Catherine McKenna and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at yesterday's swearing in ceremony at Rideau Hall. (Credit: CP)
As noted by the CBC, taken together these changes "certainly suggests the government is sending a message that it cares about science, and will be more open to scientific advice, than the former one."
One of the first orders of business will be to stop muzzling scientists. As it stands, Canadian government scientists cannot speak freely to the public or media about their work. The Liberal platform suggests that the incoming government is going to take a different approach, one that will "value science and treat scientists with respect." The Liberals write:
We will appoint a Chief Science Officer who will ensure that government science is fully available to the public, that scientists are able to speak freely about their work, and that scientific analyses are considered when the government makes decisions.
The new ministers certainly have their work cut out for them. Writing at ScienceBlog, John Dupuis offers them some advice:
- Where possible, restore environmental regulations that have been gutted such as the Navigable Waters Protection Act and the Species at Risk Act.
- Where possible, restore research programs that have been shuttered or have seen their budgets radically cut.
- Remove at least some of the mania for tying anything to do with public science to industry partnerships, in particular where it relates to the misguided transformation of the National Research Council into a concierge service for business.
Dupuis also recommends that the new government fix "the damage that the previous Conservative government did to the science library infrastructure in Canada, most prominently to the Department of Fisheries and Oceans library system but also to the systems at Environment Canada and others."
Exciting developments, to be sure. But let's hope this government acts in accordance to these ministry updates.