Whether they're howling at fire engines or hanging out in bars, coyotes are a part of urban life. A new study of LA coyotes by the National Park System has confirmed something that Angelenos have suspected for years: Coyotes aren't just sauntering down our streets on their way to the local park. They actually live right here in our urban neighbourhoods.
The study looked at the location data from two coyotes that biologists had fitted with radio collars: C-144, a female in the Westlake neighbourhood, and C-145, a male in the Silver Lake neighbourhood. Although the team had studied many coyotes in Southern California, these two were the most urbanized so far. They seem so well adjusted to city life that C-144 even casually crossed the 101 Freeway several times (although I will say there are at least two pedestrian passages along in this stretch of the freeway which would be very easy and safe for a coyote to slip through).
What was interesting to the biologists, however, was that even though there's plenty of parkland readily accessible to the coyotes -- Dodger Stadium is located in Elysian Park and Griffith Park is one of the largest urban parks in the country -- the coyotes tended to stick to the "developed" parts of their neighbourhoods instead:
In contrast, the subset analysis found 60% of C-144's locations and 50% of C-145's locations to be "developed." Using the previous definition of "natural" as at least one square kilometer of natural vegetation, none of these urban coyotes' GPS locations can be categorized as natural. Instead, they are considered "altered" landscapes, such as a dirt road or a vacant lot.
When you look at all the data collected, you can see that the coyotes were far more likely to be cuddled up right alongside their human counterparts:
This confirms that the coyotes aren't simply moving from one wilderness area to another, says Justin Brown, a biologist for Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. "From just a few months of data, we now know that coyotes are persisting within home ranges that have high human densities and little natural habitat, which is quite remarkable."
I live in C-145's neighbourhood and I have to say we do have a fair amount of greenspace so I'd always assumed the coyotes that I see on my block were living in a nearby park. Now I suspect they're squatting in the vacant lot just down the street, where they're thriving because of their proximity to my house. But I'm even more impressed by C-144. She's living in one the most densely populated neighbourhoods in LA -- and she's currently raising five pups there.
[NPS via Curbed LA]
Photo by National Park Service