The Cold War was a crazy time. With the space race happening on one front and an arms race happening on another, Americans were constantly looking for ways to gain an advantage over the Soviets and were limited only by its creativity. And boy did they get creative.
In the early 1960s, a little less than a decade before the mission to the moon, the US looked to space when planning an emergency communications system. At the time, the undersea telephone and telegraph cables were backed up only over-the-horizon radio, and both systems were vulnerable to attack or natural disaster. Today, Wired takes a look at a team of a team of MIT scientists who dreamed up a pretty far fetched but — they estimated — entirely feasible solution: wrap thousands of miles of copper cable around the Earth to serve as a giant antenna. They called it “Project West Ford”.
The copper wire scheme was somewhat doomed from the beginning. NASA sent the first batch up in 1961, and it failed to deploy, leaving all of the copper wire — each piece was a little less than 2cm long — and the spacecraft floating uselessly in orbit. Two years later, they tried again and managed to disperse the wire between the North and South Poles. For a little while, the giant antenna actually worked. They were able to send and receive transmissions, until the copper wire started falling back to Earth sooner than expected. Because not all of the pieces of wire fell back down, this led to thousands of clumps of trash floating in space and no antenna.
Luckily, not long after the second fated mission, the US began using telecommunications satellites that served the same purpose — with much less debris — as the wire antenna. And by the time they put a man on the moon, their embarrassing little attempt to turn Earth into Saturn was largely forgotten. Not forever though. History never forgets epic fails. [Wired]