Retronostalgia is the air. Last week, we looked at six New Yorks that could have been. This week, National Geographic takes a similar look at DC, for which there are veritable heaps of unbuilt memorials. Ever wondered what the Lincoln Memorial would look like, had it been built by ancient Egyptians?
As you might imagine, the competition to design a national monument was fierce, even in America's infancy. And since the United States had not classical traditions to draw from, being a country without a creation myth, most architects borrowed from the grand pasts of other cultures, from the Greeks to the Egyptians. Martin Moeller, a senior curator at the National Building Museum, explains to NatGeo's Luna Shyr:
Now it seems so bizarre. But if you think about it, how much more bizarre is it than using an ancient Egyptian obelisk as a symbol for the nation's first president?
Of course, plenty of the monuments that were actually built borrow from both sources, but we've had several hundred years to get used to the obelisks and edifices we ended up with. By contrast, the failed schemes are shocking. Three of the best, but head over to National Geographic for the whole slideshow. [National Geographic]
If you've ever looked closely at the monument that was built, there's a shift in colour — from darker to light — halfway up its face. That's because construction took nearly 40 years to complete, and was halted during the Civil War. During that time, other proposals were put forth, like the bust on the right, designed by Vinnie Ream Hoxi. When work finally resumed, the original design (by Robert Mills, seen on the right) was altered dramatically to fit the style of the day.
Edward Durell Stone — the midcentury architect who built the original MoMA and Radio City Music Hall — designed this sinuous cultural centre in 1959. According to NatGeo, it was scrapped because of its cost. Thirteen years later, Stone's alternate design — the rectangular, gridded design we're all familiar with — opened instead.
John Russell Pope is the author of a handful of Washington's most well-known structures, like the National Archives and the Jefferson Memorial. Lesser known? His zany pyramid proposal for the Lincoln Memorial. According to Moeller and NatGeo, the craziness of this scheme is explained by the fact that Pope wanted the powers that be to change the site for the memorial — making this a well-executed architectural ploy.