Back in 2009, the Japanese Space Agency JAXA announced a moon hole deep enough to contain a small human base. Now the Indian Space Research Organization has discovered a "giant underground chamber" near the moon's equator, in the Oceanus Procellarum area.
The huge cave - discovered by the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft - is more than 1.7km long and 120m wide. By comparison, the vertical hole that Jaxa discovered was only 65m across and 88m deep. This new chamber is big enough to contain a small lunar city or a secret Nazi base with a few thousand UFOs.
The Indian researchers have published a paper detailing their findings and talking about the possibility of making this giant underground vault as a future human base. The settlement would be protected from radiation, micro-meteor impacts, dust and extreme temperature changes by the lava structure:
Lava provides a natural environmental control with a nearly constant temperature of minus 20 degrees Celsius (-4 degrees Fahrenheit), unlike that of the lunar surface showing extreme variation, maximum of 130 degrees Celsius (266 degrees Fahrenheit) to a minimum of minus 180 degrees Celsius (-292 degrees Fahrenheit) in its diurnal (day-night) cycle.
They also point out that, since the save provides with the structure, explorers would only need minimal construction, without the added cost of having to use expensive shields against the hazardous lunar environment.
If humans ever colonize this chamber, I hope they call the city Attilan. [Silicon India]