iPhone A7 Chip Teardown: Power-Dense Samsung Silicon

IPhone A7 Chip Teardown: Power-Dense Samsung Silicon

We've already seen inside the iPhone 5s and found out that its guts are blisteringly fast. But now iFixit has taken a very close look indeed at the A7 silicon that powers the new phone.

By using an Ion Beam Etcher, it's possible to take layers off a semiconductor and analyse how it's made. So that's what iFixit did, in conjunction with Chipworks. Here are some of the main discoveries:

  • First, a biggy: "We have confirmed through early analysis that the device is fabricated at Samsung's Foundry. We suspect we will see Samsung's 28 nm Hi K metal Gate (HKMG) being used."
  • The distance between each of the chip's transistors is 114 nm, compared to the A6′s 123 nm.
  • That 9 nm difference — from a 28 nm process to a 32 nm process — means the same computational power can be squeezed into just 77 per cent of the original area. But given the A7 is larger than the A6, it's clear where all that poke came from.
  • In total, the A7 packs one billion plus transistors onto a 102 square millimetre field.
  • Chipworks claims that the M7 section of the silicon is an NXP LPC18A1 — part of the LPC1800 series of high-performing ARM Cortex-M3 based microcontrollers.
  • In fact, the M7 packs accelerometer, gyroscope, and magnetometer, and does some fancy maths before neatly passing orientation data to the main chip.
  • The Wi-Fi module is exactly the same as that in the iPhone 5.
  • The 4G LTE modem uses two chips: a Samsung-fabricated LTE baseband processor and a Samsung DRAM module to retain carrier specific information.

And that's pretty much all the major news. If you wanna read more, head right over to iFixit for the full story. [iFixit]


Comments

    samsung powered iphone...

      "Fabricated". It would be designed and programmed at Apple Cupertino, CA and then sent off to Samsung to build. If you look recently at Intel it cost 10's of billions of dollars for staff and construction for CPU's so I don't think Apple is quit ready yet to drop the cash. That and it normally takes a year or two to build a plant.

    So, it's essentially a samsung phone, marketed by apple?

      It's not a Samsung phone at all. The processor is custom designed by Apple and manufactured by Samsung. Apple still owns the designs, patents and intellectual property that goes into the phone. By that logic, the Samsung GS4, LG Nexus, Sony Xperia Z and the Nokia Lumia 1520 are all Qualcomm Phones.

      If you get a house built using a contractor, you still own the house. It doesn't become the contractor's house. The key here is "Samsung-fabricated". Samsung was just contracted to manufacture the chips.

        This is probably why both major brands aren't going to knock the other one out of business anytime soon.

      Its just made in a samsung fab facility. There isn't many companies that own their own fabrication facilities because its not cost effective.

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