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North Korea Defies World, Launches Rocket (Updated: It Failed)

We knew it was coming, and here it is: Pyongyang just pulled the trigger and sent its Unha-3 rocket toward space, to the dismay of everyone who fears a North Korea who can strike the world. Let’s follow this firecracker.

Update: Both the US and Japanese governments say the launch failed, with the Unha-3 rocket falling apart shortly after takeoff this morning.

The rocket had been projected to fly over central Australia: one reason why the launch was condemned as destabilising for the region. In late March, a US envoy personally delivered a warning to Australian Foreign Minister, Bob Carr, stating a belief that the plans to launch a satellite into orbit were a veiled long-range missile test that would see North Korean rocket aimed towards South-East Asia and Australia for the first time.

Earlier: The launch was first announced by South Korea’s YTN television network.

The Union for Concerned Scientists’ David Wright broke the launch scenario down for us in an interview yesterday:

The upper stage of the launcher is designed to carry a lightweight satellite-about 100kg-so it’s not clear that structurally it could carry a 1-ton (1000kg) nuclear warhead. But if it could, we estimate this technology could theoretically launch a one-ton warhead to about 10,000-11,000 km ( 6500 miles).

They could certainly launch a 1-ton warhead on the first two stages, and that would have a range of about 7.500 km (5000 miles).

We have not seen North Korea flight test a heat shield for a long-range missile. Because the reentry heating increases with the square of the warhead’s speed, the heating would be about 10 times worse for an ICBM than for North Korea’s Nodong missile. Heat shield technology is well understood, but you would expect to see a flight test of it if North Korea wanted to have confidence that it could both launch a warhead and get it back to the ground.

And now it’s flying through the air.

Update: NBC News reports the White House will issue a statement on the launch shortly.

Update 2: The Aviationist’s David Cenciotti points out that there’s currently a Korean Air plane on the rocket’s project flight path. Ruh roh.

Update 3: ABC news US reports the rocket launch has “failed,” according to unnamed US officials.

Update 4: The UN Security Council will convene Friday to discuss the rocket launch, which will in all likelihood be pointless because China is on said council.

Update 5: CNN is reporting “the rocket got off the launch pad but broke apart in flight.”

Update 6: US officials are now saying the rocket broke up mid-launch as well.

Update 7: ABC US now says “U.S. officials said that the missile is believed to have crashed into the sea,” citing a “larger than normal flare seen 90 seconds into flight.” North Korea! We had such high hopes this time around.

Update 8: The AP, also citing “US officials,” is now saying the rocket may have failed.

Update 9: Japan’s defense minister now agrees the rocket broke up.

Update 10: CNN relays Japan’s report that the rocket flew for “about a minute” before falling to pieces.

Update 11: This image is currently being broadcast on North Korean state television, which is a pretty accurate representation of today’s grand failure.

Update 12: The White House, sternly and with certain private cheers, chimes in:

Despite the failure of its attempted missile launch, North Korea’s provocative action threatens regional security, violates international law and contravenes its own recent commitments. While this action is not surprising given North Korea’s pattern of aggressive behavior, any missile activity by North Korea is of concern to the international community. The United States remains vigilant in the face of North Korean provocations, and is fully committed to the security our allies in the region.

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North Korea is only further isolating itself by engaging in provocative acts, and is wasting its money on weapons and propaganda displays while the North Korean people go hungry. North Korea’s long-standing development of missiles and pursuit of nuclear weapons have not brought it security – and never will. North Korea will only show strength and find security by abiding by international law, living up to its obligations, and by working to feed its citizens, to educate its children, and to win the trust of its neighbours.

CNN reports a chair reserved for an official announcement in the carefully planned North Korean press room is simply sitting empty, with the dictatorship refusing to even acknowledge the apparently failed launch.

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